Non-Sanskrit Literature Highlighted in Basham's (1954) Chapter IX

Continuing on the list from The Wonder That Was India (first published in 1954).



- Jakata tales

- Theragatha and Therigatha - as examples of Pali poetry

- Mahavamsa - Ceylon chronicle



- Jaina scriptures

- Sutrakrtanga - contains example of Jaina poetry 

- Setubandha ("The Building of the Causeway") - poem describes Rama's invasion of Ceylon, falsely attributed to Kalidasa

- Vakpati's Gaudavadha ("The Slaying of the King of Bengal") - 8th c. panegyric

- Rajasekhara's Karpuramanjari - 10th c. drama

- Hala's Saptasataka ("Seven Hundred") - large collection of stanzas; like Amaru's poems



- Tolkappiyam: Tamil grammar

- Ettutogai ("Eight Anthologies") - containes well over 2000 poems in archaic Tamil

- Pattuppattu ("The Ten Songs") - 10 longer poems of later date, similar style to Ettutogai

- Padinenkilkanakku ("The Eighteen Minor Works") - shows Aryan / Jaina influence, most famous being 

>  Tirukkural: sometimes called "Bible of the Tamil Land" - brief metrical proverbs

Naladiya: more formal / literary in style

- Silappadigaram ("The Jewelled Anklet") - earliest and greatest work of Tamil kavya; falsely attributed to Ilangovadigal; one of the two Epics of the Tamil people; 6th c. ?

- Kamban's Ramayanam: Another Epic of the Tamil; 9th century

- Manimegalai - sequel to Silappadigaram; Buddhistic outlook

- Sivaga-sindamani - another Tamil Epic; fantastic genre (not about real live); author was a Jaina 

- Hymns of Saivite and Vaisnavite devotional teachers

- late Tamil: Viramamuniva (1680-1747): Italian Jesuit, long poem Tembavani tells story of Old and New Testament

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